Synthesis of Normally-Off Boolean Circuits: An Evolutionary Optimization Approach Utilizing Spintronic Devices

Arman Roohi, Ramtin Zand, Ronald F DeMara
Computer Systems and Architecture Laboratory, Department of EECS, University of Central Florida


In this paper, we develop an evolutionary-driven circuit optimization methodology, which can be leveraged for the synthesis of spintronic-based normally-off computing (NoC) circuits. NoC architectures distribute nonvolatile memory elements throughout the CMOS logic plane, creating a new class of fine-grained functionally-constrained synthesis challenges. Spin-based NoC circuits synthesis objectives include increased computational throughput and reduced static power consumption, including energy-harvesting powered embedded computing applications. Our proposed methodology utilizes Genetic Algorithms (GAs) to optimize the implementation of a Boolean logic expression in terms of area, delay, or power consumption. It first leverages the spin-based device characteristics to achieve a primary semi-optimized implementation, then further performance optimization is applied to the implemented design based on the NoC requirements and optimization criteria. As a proof-of-concept, the optimization approach is leveraged to implement a functionally-complete set of Boolean logic gates using spin Hall effect (SHE)-magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs), which are optimized for both power and delay objectives. NoC synthesis methodologies supporting NoC circuit design of emerging device and hybrid CMOS logic applications. Finally, Simulation results and analyses verified the functionality of our proposed optimization tool for NoC circuit implementations.